New Paper: Prospects of tDCS for PTSD
Neuromodulation (S Taylor, Section Editor) Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports pp 1-7
Current Status of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Posttraumatic Stress and Other Anxiety Disorders
Benjamin M. Hampstead , Emily M. Briceño, Nathan Mascaro, Andoni Mourdoukoutas, Marom Bikson
Full PDF: Hampstead_tDCS_PTSD_Status
Abstract: Several empirically supported treatments have been identified for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet a sizable number of patients are either unable to tolerate these approaches or remain symptomatic following treatment. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a well-tolerated method of modulating neuronal excitability that may hold promise as a novel intervention in PTSD and related disorders. The current review summarizes literature on the disrupted neural circuitry in PTSD and discusses the rationale for the commonly targeted prefrontal cortex (PFC) as it relates to PTSD. We then review the few prior (case) studies that have evaluated tDCS in patients with PTSD (1 study) and other anxiety disorders (4 studies). There was considerable variability in both the methods/justification for selecting the targeted brain region(s) and the tDCS montage used, which obscured any clear trends in the data. Finally, we describe the rationale for our ongoing study that specifically targets the lateral temporal cortex as a method of treating the symptoms of hyperarousal and re-experiencing in PTSD. Overall, it is clear that additional work is needed to establish dosing (e.g., intensity and duration of sessions, number of sessions) and optimal treatment targets, as well as to identify synergistic effects with existing treatments.